Growth References

With the help of others, especially Yongfu Huang, I have compiled lists of references on several growth topics. The lists are definitely not exhaustive, and many important areas are not covered at all. Another themed group of growth references can be found at Peter Thompson's website.

I would be grateful for contributions and suggestions, especially references to recent articles. Since the growth literature continues to expand ever more rapidly, these pages will in future give greatest prominence to surveys that provide a useful introduction to, and overview of, particular fields.

Note that a list of books on growth is also now available.

Research topics

General interest | Convergence | Finance and growth | Regions | Research methods


Appropriate technology and macroeconomicsJanuary 2000
Augmented Solow modelMay 2006
Baumol's model of unbalanced growthNovember 2002
Competition and growthMay 2006
Efficiency wages, unions, bargaining and growthMarch 2001
Embodied technical change October 98
Energy and growthJune 99
Environmental effects of growth: theoryJuly 98
Equipment investment and growthMay 2006
Ethnic diversity and growthMay 2006
Evolution and growthFebruary 2001
Fertility, population and growthMay 2006
Fiscal policyMay 2006
General purpose technologiesMay 2006
Geography and growthMay 2006
Human capitalMay 2006
Inequality and growthMay 2006
InflationMay 2006
Levels of incomeNovember 2002
Malthus to SolowAugust 2003
Mobility and growthMay 2006
OpennessJuly 2002
Scale effectsMay 2003
Social effectsNovember 98
Summers-Heston data setAugust 2003
Transitional dynamics and endogenous growthOctober 2006
Unemployment and growthNovember 2002


Theoretical models of convergenceOctober 2006
Cross-section approaches October 2006
Other approachesJune 2004
Trade and convergenceJuly 2006
International technology diffusionAugust 2003

Finance and growth

Finance and growth: theoryAugust 2001
Finance and growth: evidenceAugust 2001
Stock markets and growthAugust 2001


Growth in Africa New!November 2002
The New Economy in the USA and Europe New!November 2002

Research methods

Model uncertainty and growth regressionsNovember 2002
Panel data studiesAugust 2000