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Publication - Professor Andrew Orr-Ewing

    Reaction dynamics. Vibrational relaxation and microsolvation of DF after F-atom reactions in polar solvents

    Citation

    Dunning, GT, Glowacki, DR, Preston, TJ, Greaves, SJ, Greetham, GM, Clark, IP, Towrie, M, Harvey, JN & Orr-Ewing, AJ, 2015, ‘Reaction dynamics. Vibrational relaxation and microsolvation of DF after F-atom reactions in polar solvents’. Science, vol 347., pp. 530-3

    Abstract

    Solvent-solute interactions influence the mechanisms of chemical reactions in solution, but the response of the solvent is often slower than the reactive event. Here, we report that exothermic reactions of fluorine (F) atoms in d3-acetonitrile and d2-dichloromethane involve efficient energy flow to vibrational motion of the deuterium fluoride (DF) product that competes with dissipation of the energy to the solvent bath, despite strong solvent coupling. Transient infrared absorption spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations show that after DF forms its first hydrogen bond on a subpicosecond time scale, DF vibrational relaxation and further solvent restructuring occur over more than 10 picoseconds. Characteristic dynamics of gas-phase F-atom reactions with hydrogen-containing molecules persist in polar organic solvents, and the spectral evolution of the DF products serves as a probe of solvent reorganization induced by a chemical reaction.

    Full details in the University publications repository