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Publication - Professor Paul Pringle

    2-Pyridyl substituents enhance the activity of palladium-phospha-adamantane catalysts for the methoxycarbonylation of phenylacetylene

    Citation

    Shuttleworth, TA, Miles-Hobbs, AM, Pringle, PG & Sparkes, HA, 2016, ‘2-Pyridyl substituents enhance the activity of palladium-phospha-adamantane catalysts for the methoxycarbonylation of phenylacetylene’. Dalton Transactions, vol 46., pp. 125-137

    Abstract

    The synthesis of a series of CgPAr ligands is reported, where CgP is the 6-phospha-2,4,8-trioxa-1,3,5,7-tetramethyladamant-6-yl moiety and Ar = 2-pyridyl (L2), 3-pyridyl (L3), 2-pyrimidyl (L4), 4-R-2-pyridyl [R = Me (L5a), CF3 (L6a), SiMe3 (L7a)] or 6-R-2-pyridyl [R = Me (L5b), CF3 (L6b), SiMe3 (L7b). Testing of these ligands in the Pd-catalysed methoxycarbonylation of phenylacetylene reveals that the activity and branched selectivity of the catalysts derived from these ligands varies as a function of the N-heterocycle, with the catalyst derived from L5b being the most active of those tested. This, together with the poor performance of catalysts derived from L3 supports the hypothesis that the catalysis proceeds by a "proton shuttling" mechanism, an idea that previously had only been applied to arylphosphines. Reaction of [PtCl2(cod)] with L where L = L2 or L4-7 yields a rac/meso mixture of the trans-[PtCl2(L)2] (1a-h) complexes, three of which are structurally characterised. (31)P NMR spectroscopy shows that reaction of L3 with [PtCl2(cod)] gives a mixture of mononuclear and binuclear metal complexes in solution. The complex trans-[PdCl2(L2)2] (4) reacts with AgBF4 to give the [PdCl(κ(1)-L2)(κ(2)-L2)]BF4 (5) with spectroscopic and structural characterisation confirming the presence of a P,N-chelate. (1)H and (31)P NMR evidence supports the assignment of a pyridyl-protonated species being formed upon treatment of 4 with TsOH·H2O in CD2Cl2; both the protonated species and chelate 5 are observed when the reaction is carried out in MeOH.

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