Browse/search for people

Publication - Professor Eugenio Proto

    On the value of participation

    Endogenous emergence of social norms in a three-player ultimatum game experiment

    Citation

    Grimalda, G, Kar, A & Proto, E, 2008, ‘On the value of participation: Endogenous emergence of social norms in a three-player ultimatum game experiment’. International Review of Economics, vol 55., pp. 127-147

    Abstract

    We report results from two different settings of a three-player ultimatum game. Under the "Monocratic" rule, a player is randomly selected to make an offer to two receivers. Under the "Democratic" rule, all three players make a proposal, and one proposal is then randomly selected. A majority vote is required to implement the proposal in either setting. Although the two rules are strategically equivalent, different patterns of behaviour emerge as the number of interactions increase. Under the "Monocratic" rule, proposers seem to be entitled to claim a larger share of the pie, and receivers are more likely to accept, than in the "Democratic" rule. We speculate that institutions allowing more participation in the process of collective choice lead to a more socially responsible behaviour in individuals.

    Full details in the University publications repository