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Publication - Professor Alin Achim

    Ship Wake Detection in X-band SAR Images Using Sparse GMC Regularization


    Karakus, O & Achim, A, 2019, ‘Ship Wake Detection in X-band SAR Images Using Sparse GMC Regularization’. in: 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), pp. 2182-2186


    Ship wakes have crucial importance in the analysis of SAR images of the sea surface due to the information they carry about vessels. Since ship wakes mostly appear as lines in SAR images, line detection methods have been widely used for their identification. In the literature, common practice for detecting ship wakes is to use Hough and Radon transforms in which bright (dark) lines appear as peaks (troughs) points. In this paper, the ship wake detection problem is addressed as a Radon transform based inverse problem with a sparse non-convex generalized minimax concave (GMC) regularization. Despite being a non-convex regularizer, the GMC penalty enforces the cost function to be convex. The solution to this convex cost function optimisation is obtained in a Bayesian formulation and the lines are recovered as maximum a posteriori (MAP) point estimates with a sparse GMC based prior. The detection procedure consists of a restricted area search in the Radon domain and the validation of candidate wakes. The performance of the proposed method is demonstrated in TerraSAR-X images of five different ships and with a total of 19 visible ship wakes. The results show a successful detection performance of up to 84% for the utilised images.

    Full details in the University publications repository