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Publication - Professor Jonathan Rossiter

    Kirigami artificial muscles with complex biologically inspired morphologies


    Sareh, S & Rossiter, J, 2013, ‘Kirigami artificial muscles with complex biologically inspired morphologies’. Smart Materials and Structures, vol 22.


    In this paper we present bio-inspired smart structures which exploit the actuation of flexible ionic polymer composites and the kirigami design principle. Kirigami design is used to convert planar actuators into active 3D structures capable of large out-of-plane displacement and that replicate biological mechanisms. Here we present the burstbot, a fluid control and propulsion mechanism based on the atrioventricular cuspid valve, and the vortibot, a spiral actuator based on Vorticella campanula, a ciliate protozoa. Models derived from biological counterparts are used as a platform for design optimization and actuator performance measurement. The symmetric and asymmetric fluid interactions of the burstbot are investigated and the effectiveness in fluid transport applications is demonstrated. The vortibot actuator is geometrically optimized as a camera positioner capable of 360 degrees scanning. Experimental results for a one-turn spiral actuator show complex actuation derived from a single degree of freedom control signal.

    Full details in the University publications repository