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Publication - Dr Josie Briscoe

    Semantic binding, not attentional control, generates coherent global structure in children's narrative memory

    Citation

    Kapikian, AK & Briscoe, J, 2012, ‘Semantic binding, not attentional control, generates coherent global structure in children's narrative memory’. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, vol 24., pp. 751-764

    Abstract

    Encoding and retrieving global narrative structure influences children's narrative recall. The influence of age and attentional/executive resources on binding processes during sentence list recall was examined in 5- to 6-and 8- to 9-year-old children. Older and younger children showed superior recall of lists, and achieved higher scores on two metrics of chunking; access to different sentences (i.e., number of chunks) and sentence completion (i.e., chunk size), when lists were presented within a coherent global structure. Children's list recall and sentence access, but not their sentence completion scores, were affected by a concurrent self-paced attention-demanding task. Children, unlike adults, engage in active storage of verbal information in thematically related sentence lists. The coherence-advantage effect was stable across age groups and insensitive to the secondary task. Overall, findings imply that semantic binding generates stronger memory representations and superior recall for sentences within a story context than for sentence sets that lack global narrative structure.

    Full details in the University publications repository