|Scopus||A large abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature: scientific journals, books and conference proceedings. Scopus has journal coverage in many subjects across the fields of science, technology, medicine, social sciences, and arts and humanities.|
|Medline on OvidSP||Produced by the US National Library of Medicine, Medline on OvidSP covers the international literature on biomedicine, including the allied health fields and the biological and physical sciences, humanities, and information science as they relate to medicine and health care. Information is indexed from approximately 5,600 journals published world-wide. Data available goes back to 1966 and the database is updated weekly.|
|PubMed, including Medline||A service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine that includes millions of citations from Medline and other life science journals for biomedical articles back to 1948. PubMed includes links to full text articles and other related resources, including: - records from in Medline In Process (which is searchable through OvidSP - records move to the main Medline database after a week, when indexed with MeSH) - some chemistry and other non-medical science titles which do not have MeSH subject headings - many open access, full-text publications funded by the National Institute for Health.|
|Embase||Provides access to the bibliographic Excerpta medica database and covers approximately 3,500 international journals from 110 countries. The following subject fields are covered: drug research, pharmacology, toxicology, clinical and experimental human medicine, health policy and management, public health, occupational health, environmental health, drug dependence and abuse, psychiatry, forensic medicine and biomedical engineering and instrumentation. Nursing, veterinary medicine, psychology and alternative medicine are covered selectively. Data goes back to 1980 and is updated weekly.|
|Web of Science - Core Collection||The databases available within the Web of Science - Core Collection are:
Entries prior to 1981 do not include abstracts.
|BIOSIS Citation Index||The most comprehensive database for the traditional areas of biology - botany, zoology and microbiology, but also covers related fields such as biomedical sciences, agriculture, pharmacology and ecology, and includes interdisciplinary fields including biochemistry and veterinary medicine. The BIOSIS Citation Index combines the literature content from the BIOSIS Previews database with fully indexed cited references from BIOSIS (from 2006) and from all the Web of Science databases (prior to and post 2006). This means that in addition to subject and bibliographic searching of the BIOSIS literature you can now perform powerful cited reference searches.|
|Cochrane Library - Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews||The Cochrane Collaboration is an international network of individuals and institutions committed to preparing, maintaining and disseminating systematic reviews of the effects of health care, thus providing a significant contribution to the advancement of evidence based practice. The full Cochrane Library is available for searching and includes the following databases: - Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - DARE - the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness - Cochrane Controlled Trials Register - Cochrane Review Methodology - Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database - NHS Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED)|
|PsycINFO||PsycINFO (sometimes mistakenly known as PsychINFO) is produced by the American Psychological Association. It is a comprehensive international database covering summaries of journal articles, book chapters, technical reports and citations to dissertations in the field of psychology and psychological aspects of related disciplines. Coverage is from 1806 onwards.|
|DailyMed||High quality information about marketed drugs from the US National Library of Medicine. Entries include a description, pharmacological information, indications and information about dosage and adverse reactions.|
|Electronic Medicines Compendium||Information on thousands of licenced medicines (both prescription and over-the-counter) available in the UK. Updated daily with new and revised information.|
|Reaxys||A web-based application for organic and inorganic chemists and related scientists, which consists of the combined content of the Beilstein, Gmelin and Patent Chemistry databases. It provides all of the functionality of the previous platform CrossFire and more. Chemical structure and reactions searching is possible, as well as chemical formula, chemical name, synonym and registry number searching. Chemical and physical property data is given on the database together with the literature reference(s) this was found in.
Java version 1.5 or higher has to be present on the PC/Mac for various functions of Reaxys to work (structure editor etc). The default structure editor in Reaxys is ChemAxon's Marvin Sketch. Other structure editors can be used, but must be downloaded and installed as plugins from the Reaxys support download page.
|EndNote Online||EndNote Online (formerly EndNote Web, and sometimes called EndNote Basic) is designed to help students and researchers through the process of writing a research paper, including collecting and organising references and formatting citations and footnotes or a bibliography.
If you are using EndNote Online for the first time please create an account. Once registered you can sign in to the service with your email address and password. EndNote Online requires a plug-in to be installed on the computer which enables EndNote to communicate with MS Word, and format Word documents. If you can see an EndNote toolbar when you open Word, then the plug-in is already installed. If the plug-in is absent and you are on a university computer over which you do not have administrative rights, ask your local technical support staff to install it for you. Further information about EndNote Online can be found on our EndNote Online advice and support page.
|JournalTOCs||JournalTOCs is a large free collection of scholarly journal Tables of Contents (TOCs) covering thousands of journals from over a thousand publishers. JournalTOCs is for researchers, students, librarians and anyone looking for the latest scholarly articles. JournalTOCs alerts you when new issues of your Followed journals are published.|
|Zetoc (Electronic Table of Contents)||Provides access to the British Library's Electronic Table of Contents (ETOC). The database covers all subjects and contains details of approximately 20,000 current journals and 16,000 conference proceedings published per year. The database includes almost 15 million references to articles from 1993 to date and is updated daily. Some records include abstracts, when present these are found on the 'Full record' page. Document delivery is offered as well but this is at your cost. An email alerting service is available that aims to help you keep up-to-date with relevant new articles and papers.|
|COPAC||Provides access to the merged online catalogues of many major university, specialist, and national libraries in the UK and Ireland, including the British Library. Members of the University can login to Copac with their username & password for a range of additional facilities.|
|Dissertation Express||A searchable index providing brief citation details to Dissertation Abstracts International. You can choose to personally purchase the full text of dissertations/theses you require or you can request them via our Inter-Library Loans Service.|
|EThOS (Electronic Theses Online Service)||The UK’s national thesis service. EThOS aims to provide an aggregated record of all doctoral theses awarded by UK Higher Education institutions and free access to the full text of as many theses as possible for use by all researchers to further their own research. The year range of the included theses depends on the participating institutions. The database is updated at least weekly with new records from UK Higher Education Institutions and theses harvested from UK HEI Repositories. Theses are also digitised when ordered by users and these are loaded on a daily basis.
Please note: UK theses not available on EThOS can be requested via the Inter-Library Loan service
|ProQuest Dissertations & Theses: UK & Ireland||Also known as Index to Theses) thid database offers the most comprehensive available listing of doctoral theses, with abstracts accepted for higher degrees by universities in the United Kingdom and Ireland, since 1716. Bibliographic listings for content for 1950-1986. Abstracts for content since 1986 with some additional 15,000 citations added annually.|
|Explore Bristol Research||The University of Bristol's definitive research information source including full-text research publications, research projects and the people behind the research. Part of Pure, the University of Bristol's research information system.|
|MRC Research Portfolio||The MRC Research Portfolio enables you to search and retrieve information on MRC (the UK's Medical Research Council) funded research.|
|National Research Register Archive||A searchable database of the records that used to be held in the National Research Register (NRR) Projects Database. It was created using the final issue of the NRR published in October 2007, based on records collected up to September 2007. The National Research Register was a public database of ongoing and recently completed research projects funded by, or of interest to, the United Kingdom's National Health Service (NHS). Contributors comprise about 350 organisations (NHS Trusts, national and regional funding programmes, universities, charities) in England, Scotland and Wales. The archive does not include the MRC Clinical Trials Directory nor the CRD Register of Reviews.|
|UK Clinical Research Network Study||Information about current NIHR (National Institute for Health Research) research is now in the 'UK Clinical Research Network Study Portfolio', while past research up to 2007 is covered by the National Research Register (NRR) Archive.|
The Medical Library contains a wealth of such material in either print or electronic format.
Consider titles starting with:
Look for others that end with the term 'reviews', for example:
Examples of other titles include:
The Medical Subject team run a programme of training in finding and using information by arrangement with your department.
It is important to reference any sources of information you use in your work in order to avoid plagiarism. The Library's Plagiarism information and advice pages give guidance on what plagiarism is, its consequences and how to avoid it.
You should cite references in a consistent style. Biomedical journals mostly use either the Harvard or Vancouver formats for citing references. The Vancouver Group - now known as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors - first published its Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals in 1979. The current version of Uniform requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals is available online. For samples of reference citation formats, consult the National Library of Medicine. There are many guides to the Harvard style of referencing available on the web.
Other useful resources include:
For information on quoting specific journals, please visit the relevant publishers' websites.
Abbreviated journal titles can make finding a journal difficult. It is often necessary to know the full title in order to locate the journal or to request it on inter-library loan. To find journal title abbreviations you could use:
If you are unable to find the abbreviation you are looking for please ask a member of Library staff.
Sometimes very short unofficial abbreviations are employed in reference books or journals. Here are some example that you may encounter:
Please note: these should not be used in the references that you write, unless they are stipulated by the body or journal to which you are submitting your work.
For general information, please visit the journal abbreviations page.
EndNote is the University of Bristol's recommended bibliographical management software, which can be used to collect, store, organise and manage references, and to output them as reference lists or bibliographies. A particularly useful function is 'Cite While You Write', enabling you to format Word documents, producing bibliographies and adding references within the text.
Updated 21 August 2015 by the University Library
University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TJ, UK - Tel: +44 (0)117 928 8000