Professor Markus Damian
Professor Markus Damian
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I received a Bachelor's Degree from the College of New Jersey (1993) and a Master's degree (1996) and a Ph.D. degree (1998) in cognitive psychology from Rice University, Houston. Between 1998 and 2000 I was a staff member in the language production group at the Max-Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, where I worked with Pim Levelt. I joined the School of Experimental Psychology in Bristol as a Lecturer in 2000, and have been a Professor since 2010.
I am a cognitive psychologist with a special interest in the processes and mechanisms underlying language. My research is specifically concerned with those engaged when humans speak (as opposed to when they comprehend language). I investigate the way in which humans cognitively develop intentions of what they are trying to say, the way in which words are organised in and retrieved from a mental lexicon for the purpose of the utterance, and the processes involved in generating the appropriate articulation. Much of my work is based on chronometrical studies performed on adult populations; however, I have also been involved in neuroimaging research (e.g., Maess et al., 2002; Zhang et al., 2007; Zhang & Damian, 2009), in studies of acquired brain damage (e.g, Martin et al., 1999; Wu et al., 2002), and in developmental studies (e.g., Jerger et al., in press, 2009, 2006; Jerger & Damian, 2006).
Reflecting the state of this field, most of my work targets the generation of very short phrases or merely single words (e.g., Damian, Dorjee & Stadthagen-Gonzalez, 2011; Damian & Als, 2005; Damian & Martin, 1999). I am currently attempting to expand the approach to more complex phrases and connected speech. Two questions are of particular interest to me: (1) what is the extent of advance planning in language production - at any given time, how far are speech sounds planned ahead while speakers generate language (see, e.g., Damian, 2003; Damian & Dumay, 2007), (2) for literate persons, does the spoken production of words automatically activate orthographic codes (e.g., Damian & Bowers, 2003, in press; Zhang, Damian & Yang, 2007; Zhang & Damian, 2011)?
A more recent interest of mine concerns orthographic output tasks such as handwriting, typing, and spelling, and specifically parallels and dissimilarities to speaking (e.g., Damian & Stadthagen-Gonzalez, 2009; Damian & Freeman, 2008; Zhang & Damian, 2010; Damian, Dorjee & Stadthagen-Gonzalez, 2011). I am also intruiged by the psychological and linguistic properties of non-Western languages such as Chinese Mandarin (e.g., Qu, Damian & Kazanina, 2012; Zhang & Damian, 2010, 2011). Other domains that I have been involved in are visual word recognition (e.g., Bowers, Damian & Havelka, 2002), the extent to which information can be processed in the absence of conscious awareness (e.g., Damian, 2001), the representation of numbers (e.g., Damian, 2004; Kovorst & Damian, 2008), and similarities and dissimilarities between object processing and naming, and face processing (e.g., Damian & Abdel Rahman, 2003).
Recent and current grants
- Damian, M. F. Investigating the properties of handwritten word production via languages with non-alphabetic scripts. April 2010-March 2012. Grant funded by the British Academy. Principal investigator.
- Damian, M. F., & Stadthagen-Gonzalez, H. Role of phonological and suprasegmental codes in handwritten production. Grant funded by the ESRC. March 2008-March 2010. Principal investigator.
- Damian, M. F. Comparing and contrasting persistent repetition priming in written and spoken word production. Grant funded by the ESRC. January 2008-December 2008. Principal investigator.
- Zhang, Q., & Damian, M. F. Roles of phonology and orthography in spoken and written language production. International Incoming Fellowship by the Royal Society awarded to Zhang and Damian. January 2008-December 2008.
- Spalek. K., & Damian, M. F. Dynamic semantic representations in language production. Grant funded by the ESRC, January 2007-December 2007. Co-investigator.
Language production, Speaking, Psycholinguistics
Currently, I co-teach PSYC11012 Cognitive Psychology, PSYC21026 Advanced Psychological Experiments and Statistics. I coordinate and teach PSYC31051 Psychology of Language and PSYCM0011 General and Generic Research Skills I.
Current PHD students
- James Hutson
- Qingqing Qu
- Qu, Q, Damian, MF & Kazanina, N 2013, Reply to O’Seaghdha et al.: Primary phonological planning units in Chinese are phonemically specified. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol 110., pp. E4
- Shen, XR, Damian, MFE & Stadthagen-Gonzalez, H 2013, Abstract graphemic representations support preparation of handwritten responses. Journal of Memory and Language, vol 68., pp. 69-84
- Qu, Q, Damian, MF & Kazanina, N 2012, Sound-sized segments are significant for Mandarin speakers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol 109., pp. 14265-14270
- Zhang, Q & Damian, MF 2012, Effects of orthography on speech production in Chinese. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, vol 41., pp. 267-283
- Qu, Q, Damian, M, Zhang, Q & Zhu, X 2011, Phonology contributes to writing: Evidence from written word production in a nonalphabetic script. Psychological Science, vol 22., pp. 1107 - 1112
- Damian, M, Dorjee, D & Stadthagen-Gonzalez, H 2011, Long-term repetition priming in spoken and written word production: Evidence for a contribution of phonology to handwriting. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, vol 37., pp. 813 - 826
- Dumay, N & Damian, MF 2011, A word-order constraint in single-word production? Failure to replicate Janssen, Alario, and Caramazza (2008). Psychological Science, vol 22., pp. 559-561
- Zhang, Q & Damian, MF 2010, Impact of phonology on the generation of handwritten responses: Evidence from picture-word interference tasks. Memory & Cognition, vol 38., pp. 1162-1162
- Damian, M, Bowers, J, Stadthagen-Gonzalez, H & Spalek, K 2010, Does word length affect speech onset latencies in single word production?. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, vol 36., pp. 892 - 905
- Damian, MF 2010, Does variability in human performance outweigh imprecision in response devices such as computer keyboards?. Behavior Research Methods, vol 42., pp. 205-211
Full publications list in the University of Bristol publications system