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Dr Tzu Chien Tho

Dr Tzu Chien Tho

Dr Tzu Chien Tho


Area of research

Structure, causation and action principles in 17th-18th century physics

Cotham House,
Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL
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Tzuchien Tho works on themes in early modern metaphysics, physics, and mathematical method, as well as the issues in mathematical objectivity in the 17th and 20th century. He has recently published a monograph on Leibniz's dynamics. He is more broadly interested in the influence and limits of mathematical and logical formalism in the history of philosophy. 


For Teaching Block 1, Tzuchien Tho teaches Introduction to Philosophy A (with J. Ladyman), Texts in Modern European Philosophy (on Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit with Martin Sticker) and the MA seminar History of Science.

For Teaching Block 2, Tzuchien Tho teaches Classical Chinese Philosophy and a history and philosophy of physics unit called Space, Time, and Matter. In past years, he has taught Texts in Early Modern Philosophy: Empiricism and Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.


  • least action
  • final cause
  • classical mechanics
  • energy-work
  • Newtonian force
  • optics
  • Galileo
  • Descartes
  • Huygens
  • Leibniz
  • Newton
  • D'Alembert
  • Maupertuis
  • Euler
  • Lagrange
  • Carnot



Department of Philosophy

Academics by department

Recent publications

View complete publications list in the University of Bristol publications system

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