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Publication - Professor Caroline Relton

    Exploring a potential mechanistic role of DNA methylation in the relationship between in utero and post-natal environmental exposures and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

    Citation

    Timms, JA, Relton, CL, Sharp, GC, Rankin, J, Strathdee, G & McKay, JA, 2019, ‘Exploring a potential mechanistic role of DNA methylation in the relationship between in utero and post-natal environmental exposures and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia’. International Journal of Cancer, vol 145., pp. 2933-2943

    Abstract

    The aetiology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is unclear. Genetic abnormalities have been identified in a number of ALL cases, although these alone are not sufficient for leukaemic transformation. Various in utero and post-natal environmental exposures have been suggested to alter risk of childhood ALL. DNA methylation patterns can be influenced by environmental exposures, and are reported to be altered in ALL, suggesting a potential mediating mechanism between environment and ALL disease risk. To investigate this, we used a ‘meet in the middle’ approach, investigating the overlap between exposure-associated and disease-associated methylation change. Genome-wide DNA methylation changes in response to possible ALL-risk exposures (i.e. breast feeding, infection history, day care attendance, maternal smoking, alcohol, caffeine, folic acid, iron and radiation exposure) were investigated in a sub-population of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort using an epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) approach (n = 861–927), and compared to a list of ALL disease-associated methylation changes compiled from published data. Hypergeometric probability tests suggested that the number of directionally concordant gene methylation changes observed in ALL disease and in response to the following exposures; maternal radiation exposure (p = 0.001), alcohol intake (p = 0.006); sugary caffeinated drink intake during pregnancy (p = 0.045); and infant day care attendance (p = 0.003), were not due to chance. Data presented suggests that DNA methylation may be one mediating mechanism in the multiple hit pathway needed for ALL disease manifestation.

    Full details in the University publications repository