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Dr Katherine Button

Cognitive mechanisms of common mental health disorders

My research focuses on the cognitive mechanisms that contribute to common mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression. I use experimental techniques from cognitive psychology and functional neuroimaging to explore how these mechanisms may be modified to reduce anxiety and improve mood. I use epidemiological investigations to understand how dysfunctional cognitions arise. I also work with clinical data from randomised controlled trials to investigate factors associated with response to cognitive behavioural therapy. I am interested in applying the insights gained from my experimental work to improve cognitive-based intervention for patients in primary care. 

Research keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Social Anxiety
  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
  • Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM)

Diseases related to this field of research

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Social Anxiety

Processes and functions relevant to this work

  • Cognitive mechanisms


  • Glyn Lewis (UCL)
  • Marcus Munafo (School of Experimental Psychology)
  • Ian Penton-Voak (School of Experimental Psychology)
  • Matt Garner (University of Southampton)
  • Nicola Wiles (SSCM)
  • Tim Peters (School of Clinical Sciences)