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Publication - Dr Richard Armstrong

    Type of Anesthesia for Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    Citation

    Armstrong, R, Squire, Y, Rogers, C, Hinchliffe, RJ & Mouton, R, 2019, ‘Type of Anesthesia for Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair’. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, vol 33., pp. 462-471

    Abstract

    Objective: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is increasingly used in the management of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), including in the emergency setting for ruptured AAA. The lower mortality amongst patients undergoing emergency EVAR under local anesthesia (LA) observed in the IMPROVE trial has sparked renewed interest in the anesthesia choice for EVAR. This systematic review evaluates the effect of mode of anesthesia on outcomes after EVAR.

    Design: The review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. The primary outcome was in-hospital/30-day mortality and both emergency and elective EVAR were included. The relative risk of death was estimated for each individual study without adjustment for potential confounding factors.

    Setting: Hospitals.

    Participants:
    A total of 39,744 patients from 22 non-randomized studies were included in the analysis.

    Interventions: None

    Measurements and Main Results:
    Sixteen studies in 23,202 patients compared LA to GA and reported in-hospital/30-day mortality. The unadjusted risk of death after emergency EVAR with LA was lower than with GA. Trends in elective surgery were less clear.

    Conclusions:
    There is some evidence across both emergency and elective settings to suggest that mode of anesthesia may be associated with improved outcomes. In particular, LA appears to have a positive effect on outcome after emergency EVAR. Due to the lack of randomized trial data, a significant risk of confounding remains. The optimal mode of anesthesia for EVAR should be further investigated and the reasons why particular anesthesia techniques are chosen for particular patients identified.

    Full details in the University publications repository