Mr Aslak-Antti Oksanen

Mr Aslak-Antti Oksanen

Mr Aslak-Antti Oksanen
Assistant Teacher

11 Priory Road, Clifton, Bristol
(See a map)

School of Sociology, Politics and International Studies

The uneven and combined ‘solution’ to Eurocentrism and its exterior problems: Seeing beyond states and development through the case of the Sámi people

Personal profile

My PhD thesis contributes to the debate on Eurocentrism in International Relations (IR) historical materialism (HM). Eurocentrism is a recognised problem in the academic discipline of International Relations IR, and its Historical Materialist (HM) branch has a longstanding preoccupation with trying to overcome it. The latest theoretical innovation to emerge from IR HM proposed as a solution to the problem of Eurocentrism is the adaption of Leon Trotsky’s idea of uneven and combined development (U&CD) to IR, due to its claimed ability to provide a non-ethnocentric theory of intersocietal interaction. While the adaption of U&CD is in many regards a step forward in addressing aspects of the problem of Eurocentrism in IR, it also has significant limitations, stemming from its reliance on the concept of ‘development’ which presupposes that societies can be ranked as more or less ‘developed’ on a linear scale. Such ranking has problematic implications for nomadic societies, which the thesis explores through the case of the Sámi people and their relations to the Nordic states. As an alternative approach to IR HM that thesis overcomes the shortcomings identified in U&CD, the thesis proposes Enrique Dussel’s Philosophy of Liberation (PoL). Dussel’s PoL provides an ethically driven analytical framework capable of illuminating the realities and ethical needs of marginalised peoples through the concept of exteriority. In the context of international politics such marginalised exterior peoples include stateless peoples like the Sámi, who do not enjoy the same level of recognition as peoples represented by a state. 


My research intersts include critical approaches ot Interantaional Relations and the role of indigenous, tribal and pastoral nomadic peoples within the international system. 

Fields of interest

International Relations, indigenous peoples studies

Full publications list in the University of Bristol publications system

Edit this profile If you are Mr Aslak-Antti Oksanen, you can edit this page. Login required.