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Publication - Professor Pete Cullen

    Molecular identification of a BAR domain-containing coat complex for endosomal recycling of transmembrane proteins

    Citation

    Simonetti, B, Paul, B, Chaudhari, K, Weeratunga, S, Steinberg, F, Gorla, M, Heesom, KJ, Bashaw, G, Collins, B & Cullen, PJ, 2019, ‘Molecular identification of a BAR domain-containing coat complex for endosomal recycling of transmembrane proteins’. Nature Cell Biology, vol 21., pp. 1219?1233

    Abstract

    Protein trafficking requires coat complexes that couple recognition of sorting motifs in transmembrane cargos with biogenesis of transport carriers. The mechanisms of cargo transport through the endosomal network are poorly understood. Here, we identify a sorting motif for endosomal recycling of cargos including the cation-independent mannose-6-phosphate receptor and semaphorin 4C by the membrane tubulating BAR domain-containing sorting nexins SNX5 and SNX6. Crystal structures establish that this motif folds into a β-hairpin that binds a site in the SNX5/SNX6 phox homology domains. Over sixty cargos share this motif and require SNX5/SNX6 for their recycling. These include cargos involved in neuronal migration and a Drosophila snx6 mutant displays defects in axonal guidance. These studies identify a sorting motif and provide molecular insight into
    an evolutionary conserved coat complex, the ‘Endosomal SNX-BAR sorting complex for promoting exit 1’ (ESCPE-1), which couples sorting motif recognition to BAR domain-mediated biogenesis of cargo-enriched tubulo-vesicular transport carriers

    Full details in the University publications repository