There is growing interest in understanding why some individuals are more resilient to challenge than others. A key predictor of resilience in humans is the way in which people appraise or judge a situation, as this determines the decisions they make and hence the impact that the situation has on them. The aims of this PhD are to carry out the first in-depth investigation of the links between decision-makig style and resilience in an animal species (rats).
Deadline: 5 Dec 2016. For information on how to apply, go to: http://www.bristol.ac.uk/swbio/projects_available/
For more detail on the project, go to: http://www.bristol.ac.uk/swbio/media/swbio-dtp-project-44.pdf
My research interests are in the area of animal behaviour and welfare.
I am interested in the links between affective and cognitive processes, in particular the ways in which attention, memory and decision-making both influence and are influenced by affective state. One aim of our current research, in collaboration with psychologist Dr Liz Paul, is to investigate whether affect-induced modulation of decision-making, which leads to so-called 'cognitive bias' in humans, is also observed in animals, and hence can be used as a novel indicator of animal affect (emotion) and welfare.
I am also interested in the evolution and function of affective states, developing new measures of animal emotion and welfare that can be used under field conditions, and understanding more about animal cognition, emotion, personality, and social behaviour with a view to identifying and minimising welfare problems for captive animals.
I also have interests in the influence of early experience and social behaviour (including mother-offspring relations, early husbandry procedures, and 'abnormal behaviours' such as tail-biting in pigs) on behavioural development, an individual's ability to cope with challenge, and animal welfare.
NC3Rs: Development and validation of an aut omated test of animal affect and welfare for laboratory rodents (PI: Mike Mendl; Co-Is: Liz Paul (Vet Science), Peter Dayan (Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, UCL), Emma Robinson (Physiology & Pharmacology); Postdoc: Sam Jones). We are developing an automated cognitive bias task for lab rats and mice.
BBSRC: Validation and differentiation of welfare indicators in laying hens (PI: Christine Nicol; Co-Is: Mike Mendl, Bill Browne, Suzanne Held; Named researcher: Liz Paul; Technician: Ilana Kelland). We are investigating how welfare indicators and cognitive bias measures co-vary and reflect long-term cumulative experience of positive and negative events.
BBSRC: Defining a pain phenotype that is predictive of altered central pain processing in dogs with spontaneous osteoarthritis (PI: Jo Murrell; Co-Is: Mike Mendl, Toby Knowles, Becky Whay, Sara Kelly (Nottingham), John Harris (Nottingham); Postdoc: James Hunt; Technician: Helen Jenkins). We are developing methods to measure the pain that dogs affected by osteoarthritis may be experiencing, and how ands why this may differ between individuals.
If you are interested in joining our research group, contact me at: email@example.com
Further information about Professor Michael Mendl can be found here.
I graduated in 1982 with a degree in Natural Sciences from Cambridge University and then stayed on to study for a PhD on mother-offspring relationships and behavioural development supervised by Prof Pat Bateson FRS at the Cambridge Zoology Department's Sub-Department of Animal Behaviour. I completed my PhD in 1986 and was then awarded a Royal Society European Research Fellowship to continue work on behavioural development and individual differences in house mice at Groningen University in the Netherlands. I then returned to Cambridge University and took a postdoc position at the Vet School where I moved into the fields of applied behaviour and animal welfare and was introduced to the intelligence, grace and equipment destroying capabilities of the domestic pig. In 1993, I took up a position as a behavioural scientist at the Scottish Agricultural College in Edinburgh, continuing to work on pig behaviour and welfare, and then moved to Bristol University Vet School in 1997 where I am now Professor of Animal Behaviour and Welfare. and have previously been Head of the Bristol Animal Welfare & Behaviour Group, and Deputy Head of School (Research). At Bristol, my research interests have been in the study of cognition, emotion, development, individuality and social behaviour in domestic animals (pigs, dogs, rats, sheep), with a view to using this information to improve animal welfare, and in more applied animal welfare issues including the relationship between housing and husbandry procedures and the health and welfare of farm and laboratory animals, and understanding abnormal behaviour such as tail-biting in pigs.
View complete publications list in the University of Bristol publications system
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