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Unit information: Endodontology in 2020/21

Unit name Endodontology
Unit code ORDSM0034
Credit points 20
Level of study M/7
Teaching block(s) Teaching Block 2 (weeks 13 - 24)
Unit director Dr. Arzandeh
Open unit status Not open




School/department Bristol Dental School
Faculty Faculty of Health Sciences


This Unit of Teaching will be offered as an Optional Unit as part of a modular distance learning programme. The programme will allow students to build Certificate, Diploma or Masters level qualifications by combining optional 20 credit units.

The Endodontology Unit has the following three Elements and their general aims are: -

Element 1. Armamentarium for vital pulp therapy and root canal treatment

To provide participants with the knowledge of equipment and techniques applicable to modern endodontics and to consider specific protocols for root canal treatment

Element 2. Outcome analysis in endodontology including success and survival

To review the literature to evaluate outcomes of various interventions applicable to endodontics so as to be able to provide patients with useful information when treatment planning.

Element 3: Case studies

To present and review fully documented case reports of endodontic treatment provided by the participant within the timescale of the Element

Intended learning outcomes

Students will obtain a knowledge and understanding of the following:

  • The concepts of outcome analysis in terms of success, failure and survival in terms of endodontics
  • The importance of providing potential patients with realistic evaluations of prognosis based on the literature and personal audit
  • The relevance of having a detailed personal protocol for root canal treatment based on a modern approach to the management of endodontic disease

The student will acquire the skills and attributes necessary for:

  • The critical appraisal of literature related to outcome analysis in endodontics
  • The preparation of access cavities using burs and ultrasonic instrumentation under enhanced vision (operating microscope)
  • The chemo-mechanical preparation of root canals with stainless steel hand files and rotary and reciprocating instrument systems.
  • Root canal medicament. The obturation of root canals using cold and warm gutta-percha and sealer and MTA and MTA-like materials

Teaching details

Teaching will use a blended learning approach delivered through a combination of synchronous and asynchronous activities. Students will be expected to engage with all learning.

A range of teaching are used in the unit including:

  • Self-directed CAL sessions
  • Seminars with videos
  • Web presentations
  • Reflective writing

Assessment Details

This Unit will have three summative assessments: - 1. Two written coursework assignments of 1,500 words (40%) 2. Final written (multiple short answer) examination of 2 hour's duration (60%) All assessments must be passed ≥ 50% and there is no compensation between the individual assessments.

Reading and References

Bergenholtz G, Horsted Bindslev P, Reit C (Eds). Textbook of Endodontology 2nd Edition. 2009. Wiley-Blackwell ISBN:1405170956

Royal College of Surgeons of England. Standards in Dentistry. 2007. ISBN:0954345142

Torabinejad M & Bahjri K Essential elements of evidence-based endodontics: Steps involved in conducting clinical research. Journal of Endodontics. 31(8); 563-569: 2005.

Wu M-K, Dummer PMH, Wesselink PR. Consequences of and strategies to deal with residual post-treatment root canal infection. International Endodontic Journal. 39; 343-356: 2006.

Dammaschke T, Leidinger J, Schäfer E. Long-term evaluation of direct pulp capping — Treatment outcomes over an average period of 6.1 years. Clin Oral Investig. 2010;14:559–67

Lumley PJ, Lucarotti PSK, Burke FJT. Ten-year outcome of root fillings in the General Dental Services of England and Wales International Endodontic Journal. 41; 577-585: 2008.

Pennington MW, Vernazza CR, Shackley P, Armstrong NT, Whitworth JM & Steele JG. Evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of root canal treatment using conventional approaches versus replacement with an implant. International Endodontic Journal. 42; 874-883: 2009.

Ng Y-L, Mann V, Gulabivala K. Tooth survival following non-surgical root canal treatment: A systematic review of the literature International Endodontic Journal 43; 171-189: 2010.