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Unit information: Primary Care Dentistry Year 2 in 2018/19

Please note: you are viewing unit and programme information for a past academic year. Please see the current academic year for up to date information.

Unit name Primary Care Dentistry Year 2
Unit code ORDS20022
Credit points 0
Level of study I/5
Teaching block(s) Academic Year (weeks 1 - 52)
Unit director Mrs. Julie Mallinson
Open unit status Not open
Pre-requisites

None

Co-requisites

None

School/department Bristol Dental School
Faculty Faculty of Health Sciences

Description

This unit aims to prepare and introduce students to the clinical dental setting. The unit is comprised of the following 4 elements and has the following general aims:

Element of Periodontology

Term 2

This element will give undergraduate students knowledge, principles and skills to be able to undertake non-surgical management of patients susceptible to periodontal disease.

Additional aims will ensure that students will develop skills for handpiece manipulation within the oral cavity and learn basic instrumentation techniques for supra and subgingival debridement. They will also become familiar with using indices to record periodontal parameters.

Element of Introduction to Clinical Management and Teamworking

Term 2

To provide students with an appreciation of working as part of a dental team and enable understanding of individual roles and responsibilities.

To enable students to develop a range of communication skills using appropriate verbal and written methods, including gaining an understanding of the importance of maintaining good clinical records and the use of the clinical e-portfolio system.

To provide students with the essential skills to act as a dental operator and assistant in the clinical setting.

To prepare students for clinical patient care in basic history taking, extra and intra-oral examination, the recognition and non-surgical management of periodontal disease non-surgically, including oral hygiene instruction and root surface debridement.

Element of Dental Pain & Anxiety Management Yr 2: Local Analgesia

Term 2

To produce a student who will have acquired sufficient knowledge and skill to administer local analgesia under supervision.

Element of Patient Care

Term 3

To produce a student who has acquired sufficient knowledge and skills to safely carry out a basic history and examination for an adult patient, recognise and non-surgically manage periodontal disease, including oral hygiene instruction, scaling and root surface debridement.

To produce a student who has acquired sufficient knowledge and skills to safely and effectively assist patient care in the clinical setting.

Intended learning outcomes

At the end of Year 2 a successful student should be able to:

Periodontology

  • Understand and apply appropriate charting systems for teeth and periodontal disease.
  • Recognise when a Basic Periodontal Examination and or full periodontal examination are indicated.
  • Apply skills for handpiece manipulation and basic instrumentation techniques within the oral cavity for periodontology.
  • Describe the current classification system for periodontal disease and the common periodontal conditions contained within it.

Introduction to clinical management and teamworking

  • Have knowledge and skills to carry out a basic history, extra oral and intraoral examination.
  • Maintain and protect patients’ information.
  • Prepare and maintain the clinical environment including the instruments and equipment used for basic routine restorative dentistry including examinations, periodontal treatment, root canal therapy, crown preparation and caries management.
  • Demonstrate the correct mixing and handling of the dental materials used for basic plastic restorative procedures.
  • Recognise the risks around the clinical environment and manage these in a safe and efficient manner.
  • Manage the clinical e-portfolio system effectively, including the management of clinical feedback.
  • Put patients’ interests first and act to protect them.
  • Be honest and act with integrity.

Dental Pain & Anxiety Management

Students should obtain a knowledge and understanding of the following:

  • The technique of infiltration local analgesia and regional block analgesia.
  • The maximum safe doses of local analgesic agents that should be administered along with the prevention and management of complications of local analgesia.
  • The properties of relevant local anaesthetic agents and their application to patient management.

The student should acquire the skills and attributes necessary for:

  • Using the equipment required to administer local analgesia for dentistry including assembling and dismantling a local analgesic syringe.
  • The technique of administering an infiltration analgesic and also an inferior alveolar nerve block local analgesia under clinical supervision.

Patient care

  • Carry out a basic history and examination for an adult patient.
  • Safely and confidently act as operator and assistant for the non-surgical treatment of periodontal disease.
  • Show an ability to provide effective instruction to patients on the importance of oral hygiene and help motivate patients to improve their oral health.
  • Communicate oral health education that relates to the patients periodontal health status in an effective manner utilising applied behavioural science techniques appropriately.
  • Recognise the anxious patient and be able to use communication techniques to reduce the patient’s anxiety.
  • Effectively prevent and manage the patient’s pain symptoms during periodontal debridement.
  • Safely administer local anaesthetic agents using an infiltration or inferior dental block technique as appropriate to enable root surface debridement under supervision.
  • Accurately assess own capabilities and limitations in the interest of high quality patient care and seek advice from supervisors and colleagues where appropriate.

Teaching details

Didactic lectures, tutorial and small group teaching. Simulated clinical scenarios, chairside teaching during supervised direct patient care.

Assessment Details

Formative Assessments:

Clinical Competency Assessment in periodontology:

Demonstrating they have sufficient basic skills to carry out a periodontal examination and control instrumentation with good technique, finger rests and seating position.

Continuous assessment on clinic using a predetermined standard clinical assessment scheme with immediate feedback to the student. Each student to complete a logbook/portfolio during the course with opportunity to reflect on progress during and at the end of the Unit. Student’s overall performance will be monitored and discussed at termly School Progress Committee meetings.


Summative assessments:

The summative assessments for the Primary Care Dentistry Yr 2 Unit fall within the combined Dental Skills/PCD ‘Capstone’ Assessment.

Reading and References

• Department of Health. Heath Technical Memorandum 01-05: Decontamination in primary care dental practices. Department of Health. 2nd Ed. 2013.
• General Dental Council. Standards for dental professionals. General Dental Council 2013
• British society of Periodontology. Young practitioners guide to periodontology. 2012.
• British society of periodontology. Basic Periodontal Examination (BPE). 2011.
• British society of periodontology. Guidelines for periodontal screening and management of children and adolescent under 18 years of age. 2012.
• Armitage G. Periodontal diagnoses and classification of periodontal disease. Periodontol 2000 2004; 34: 9-21.
• Chapple ILC, Gilbert AD. Understanding Periodontal Diseases: Assessment and Diagnostic Procedures. Quintessence 2002. ISBN: 978-1-85097-053-8.
• Chapple ILC, Hamburger J. Periodontal medicine: A window on the body. Quintessence 2006. ISBN: 978-1-85097-079-8
• Heasman PA, Preshaw PM, Robertson P. Successful periodontal therapy: A non-surgical approach. Quintessence 2004. ISBN: 978-1-85097-074-3.
• Clinical periodontology and implant dentistry (5th Ed) Jan Lindhe, Niklaus P Lang, Thorkild Karring; Wiley Blackwell, 2008
• Meechan JG, Robb ND, Seymour RA. Pain and Anxiety Control for the Conscious Dental patient. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1998. ISBN 0-19-262848-8.
• Baart JA, Brand HS. Local Anaesthesia in Dentistry. Chichester: Willey-Blackwell 2009. ISBN978-1-4051-8436-6

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