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Unit information: Anatomy and physiology of organs affected by CPB in 2018/19

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Unit name Anatomy and physiology of organs affected by CPB
Unit code SOCSM0020
Credit points 20
Level of study M/7
Teaching block(s) Teaching Block 1 (weeks 1 - 12)
Unit director Dr. Becky Foster
Open unit status Not open
Pre-requisites

None

Co-requisites

None

School/department Bristol Medical School
Faculty Faculty of Health Sciences

Description

This unit aims to introduce theoretical aspects of anatomy and physiology that are highly relevant to Perfusion Science. The following human organs and systems will be outlined brain, heart, circulation, blood, lung, kidney, liver and gut. This unit will provide a comprehensive background on anatomy and physiology in the context of Perfusion Science.

A full knowledge of the normal function of the systems and organs of the body is an essential part of understanding the basis of the presentations of the diseases that affect them, and is a basic requirement for all who are involved in medical or biological studies. This unit aims to examine the physiological functions of the major systems in the body relevant to perfusion science.

Intended learning outcomes

  • Have an in-depth knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the brain, heart, circulation and lungs, kidney, liver and gut.
  • To show knowledge of the main diseases that affect each system and the clinical signs and symptoms associated with them.
  • Demonstrate a full knowledge and understanding of the cellular composition of blood, including cell types, size and function.
  • Critically evaluate the hazards of transfusion and their application to clinical practice. Discuss in detail blood groups and their antibodies, and evaluate the cross matching procedures required for transfusion.
  • Discuss in depth the mechanisms of haemostasis and critically evaluate methods of manipulating the haemostatic process during perfusion and of reducing blood loss during cardiovascular surgery.

Teaching details

Please include reference to any distance learning or any significant e-learning components, if appropriate

  • Web-based (in powerpoint-with recorded audio) and campus-based lectures, tutorials and practical demonstrations
  • Online discussion forum(s)
  • Self-directed study
  • Face-to-face workshops

Assessment Details

Coursework (contributing a total of 60% to the unit) consisting of:

  • 5 sets of multiple choice questions (MCQs) of a simple format (e.g. select an answer from a short number of options, true/false), each contributing 4.5% to the unit, 1 set of multiple choice questions (MCQs) of a simple format (e.g. select an answer from a short number of options, true/false) contributing 2.5% to the unit giving a total of 25%.
  • 1 essay (1500 words) contributing 20% to the unit.
  • 2 short answer question sets or extended MCQs, each contributing 7.5% to the unit, giving a total of 15%.

Please note that students will be given feedback on all coursework assessments.

Written exam (contributing a total of 40% to the unit and taken in Bristol) consisting of:

  • 1 essay paper contributing 20% to the unit.
  • 1 sets of MCQs contributing 20% to the unit.

The overall pass-mark for the unit will be 50%. However, students will be required to reach a minimum standard in both their coursework and their written exam; only 5% compensation between the total coursework element and the total exam element will be allowed.

Reading and References

Gravlee, G.P. et al (2006) Cardiopulmonary Bypass: Principle and Practice, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Whitlock S.A. (2012) Immunhematology for Medical Laboratory Technicians Delmar

Underwood, JCE, (2009) General and systematic pathology. 3rd ed. Churchill Livingston.

Guyton, AG & Hand, JE, (2010) Textbook of medical physiology. 10th ed. W.B. Saunders

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