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Unit information: Constitutional and Substantive EU Law in 2021/22

Unit name Constitutional and Substantive EU Law
Unit code LAWDM0088
Credit points 30
Level of study M/7
Teaching block(s) Teaching Block 4 (weeks 1-24)
Unit director Dr. Zwingmann
Open unit status Not open




School/department University of Bristol Law School
Faculty Faculty of Social Sciences and Law


This unit aims to give students an understanding of both constitutional and substantive EU Law. The unit examines the institutional structure of the EU, the available legislative instruments, the relationship between EU law and national law, and key aspects of substantive EU law including a discussion of market integration and the free movement of goods. It discusses the role and competences of the EU institutions, with a particular focus on the Court of Justice and its relationship with national courts. A knowledge of the European Union legal system is an essential part of legal education in every Member State. For students of law in the United Kingdom, which is no longer a member of the EU, learning about the EU – its institutions and legal framework – remains an important endeavour, particularly as our national representatives seek to forge a new relationship with the Union. This unit is designed:

This unit is therefore designed:

  • to make students ‘Euro-literate’, that is, to make them as familiar with the institutions, terminology and concepts of EU law as they are (or ought to be) with those of the domestic legal system;
  • to acquaint students with the nature of the relationship between EU law and domestic law, and between the European Court of Justice and national courts; and
  • to introduce students to some major areas of substantive EU law, both as an end in itself and also as a basis upon which to proceed to further specialised study.

Intended learning outcomes

On completion of this unit a successful student will be able to:

  • Critically analysis the nature of the European Union and its political and economic context through to the Treaty of Lisbon
  • Demonstrate a critical understanding of the institutional structure of the EU, and the law-making and decision-making processes
  • Illustrate and evaluate the main aspects of the law of the internal market in relation to the free movement of goods
  • Evaluate the legal order of the EU and how it relates to the domestic legal order by:
    • stating and analysing the direct effect and supremacy of EU law and comparing the way in which it is applied by courts at the European and national levels
    • discussing the development, and critically appraising the current state, of the fundamental rights jurisprudence of the Court of Justice
    • evaluating and accounting for the development of the principle of state liability
    • critically comparing public and private enforcement of EU law
    • identifying the tensions inherent in the Article 267 TFEU preliminary reference procedure
    • appraising the effectiveness of bringing of judicial review actions against the EU institutions

In relation to the outcomes above, students will also be able to:

  • State the law accurately
  • Critically apply legal principles to problem case scenarios
  • Think critically about the law and ways in which the law could be reformed.

Teaching details

Teaching will be delivered through a variety of asynchronous and synchronous activities

Assessment Details

2 x summative assessments: 1x coursework and 1 x Timed Open Book Assessment with a specified word count

The assessment will assess all of the intended learning outcomes for this unit.


If this unit has a Resource List, you will normally find a link to it in the Blackboard area for the unit. Sometimes there will be a separate link for each weekly topic.

If you are unable to access a list through Blackboard, you can also find it via the Resource Lists homepage. Search for the list by the unit name or code (e.g. LAWDM0088).